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    The region of Shumen is located in the North- Eastern part of Bulgaria about 370 km away from Sofia and just 95 km from Varna and the Black sea . Some of the most basic characteristic of the region are:



    - The favourable transport- geographic destination of the area - the relatively rapid and easy transportation access from the cities in central north and northeast Bulgaria ( Varna , Veliko Tarnovo, Rousse, etc. ) .

    - The availability of various natural and tourist's resources for development of organic agriculture and bio production, eco-tourism, fishing and hunting tourism, speleo-tourism and extreme sports (rocky clambering) etc.
 
  • Well constructed web from secured natural territories with significant biologically as well a landscape-species (availability of one universe reservation, three supported reservations, one natural park and five defended countries ) ;
 
  • attractive rocky phenomena ( karst caves and precipices, picturesque gorges, etc. ) ;
 
  • numerous artificial reservoirs and rivers (Ticha reservoir, Kamchiya river, etc.)
 
  • great contribution of forest territories with miscellaneous game in the hunting farms.

- Rich cultural-historic heritage and well organized cultural life that prefer the exploitation of cultural-cognitive, rural, religious as well other types specialized tourism:
  • archaeological, historical and architecturally-ethnographic objects, churches, cloisters and museums (availability of unique memorials of the culture as the ruins of the first two Bulgarian capitals Pliska and Preslav, Madara horseman, which is included to the list of the memorials of the world culturally-historic heritage of UnescO, etc. ) .
  • preserved lifestyle, traditions and handicrafts;
  • delicious local kitchen and attractive brand wines from the region;
  • significant periodical activities and festivals in the cultural calendar

- Very good general condition of the environment in the area.
  • there are no territories and objects related to the 14 th “hot ecological points” in the state;
  • the reduction in the last years of the emissions of the sulphuric and nitrogenous oxides, methane and non-methane volatile compounds etc. in the atmosphere from industrial combustible and industrial processes;
  • significant improvement of the quality characterizations of the waters in the river mainstreams;
  • availability of enterprises for wastes recycling;
  • it has not been ascertained worsening the radiation setting in the area;

- Developed highways, roads and rail-road connections of the district center with the municipal centers in the region /the half of the municipal centers has available rail-road connection to the district centers/, with the neighbouring areas and the rest part of the country.

- Relatively well developed energy infra-structure.

- Built Purification Plant for waste waters in the town of Shumen , impending completion of the Purification Plant for waste waters in the town of Veliki Preslav and project readiness for building of Purification Plant for waste waters in the town of Novi Pazar and Kaspichan.

- The development of organic agriculture and bio production are among the declared priorities in the district scheme of regional development, the municipal plans of development and the plans of homegrown economic development that is supported by the positive consideration in the local communities (business representatives, non-governmental organizations, social domestic partners and another members of the community).



Natural and tourist's resources in Shumen region



    Smyadovo Municipality. The availability of State Forestry Administration „Smyadovo” is a prerequisite for development of hunting tourism. He wins more huge popularity among the municipalities, disposing, with hunting resources. It is necessary to build hunting huts, corresponding the international standards and requirements of the foreign hunters who are the major beneficiaries of this type of tourism. In “Chelekliyata” neighbourhood near Vesselinovo village you may found natural beds of crimson peony, Pontian serenity flower /Pont vedritsa/ ( it represents a Balkan endemitis ), Ìomkova salza / Polygonatum latifolium/ . They are protected plants. The access to the object is hampered for tourist's visits,, but the object is a prerequisite for development of ecological- cognitive tourism. Near the same village in the country “Debeletsa” is situated century - old beech- hornbeam forest. There is a driveway in a good condition near the neighbourhood and the object is accessible for tourist's visits. The cave “Skoka” is located again near Veselinovo neighbourhood; it has a length 40 meters . You can see a big and a small water-fall there too. They are accessible for tourist's visits. The road there is in good condition.



    Veliki Preslav Municipality. The natural resources on its territory include the reservations „Patleyna”, „Dervisha”. The reservation “Patleyna” that has the status of the supported reservation, is located in immediate proximity to the town of Veliki Preslav . There are situated bedñ of savage “Roshkov” plant and yellow “Urumovo” tulip. To create and offer interesting tourist's product there will contribute the situated nearby mediaeval monastery named “St. Panteleymon”. Here are restored the rooms of the dominicans, the vinery, the ceramic workshops, the cellar, etc. “Dervish” reservation has a statute of supported reservation, where is situated the only bed of the tree horse chestnut in our country. It is located in nearness to the town of Veliki Preslav . Very interested is the protected neighbourhood “Blatno kokiche” / snowdrop swamp anemone sylvestris /, which is situated in the land fund of Kochovo and Osmar villages. The State Game-Breeding Station in is an important factor for development the hunting tourism, including for the foreign tourists too. The hunting tourism obtains huge meaning for the development of the municipalities, featuring suitable resources. Building the hunting huts, corresponding to the international necessities, is needed in the municipality for fuller assimilation the potential for development the hunting tourism. There are situated on the territory of the municipality many interesting countries, uniting nature anthropogenetic places, that may be a ground for the creation of a complex tourist's merchandise. As examples may be presented the following places: “Dabravata”, “Bunkera”, “Baladzhata”, “Parnaritsa”, “Bunekra”, “Chernata lokva”, “Kartalaka”.



    Kaspichan Municipality. Madara plateau offers possibilities for development the hunting tourism, on the base of various hunting specific group- hind, deer, fox, the savage pig, hare.



    Varbitsa Municipality. “Momingrad” reservation, well supported place, is located on the territory of Varbitsa municipality, în the land of Byala reka village. The preserved territory is a part of the territory of the State Forestry Fund of Varbitsa State Forestry. The availability of a rich forest fund outside the reservation is a prerequisite for the development of hunting tourism as well that becomes very popular among the municipalities disposing with the similar resources and respectively Bulgaria become more attractive goal for the foreigners, practicing this type of tourism. In this aim it is necessary to build luxury huts, equiped according to the international standards, but without any influence of the state of the reservation.



    Shumen Municipality. “Bukaka” reservation includes an area of 626 decares forestry fund in the land of Shumen town. The reservation is a forest massive, announced for preservation the existing over elite beech forest of the sort Myzia beech. You can see in the north part of the reservation's territory many tree sorts as winter oak, hornbeam, maple, oak, as the “lower stage” in the forest is various and includes hazel, hawthorn, sweetbrier, boysenberry, Fraxinus ornus, etc. The variety of the herbal covering is represented by Urginea maritima, ranunculi anemone, hollow „lisichina”, Polygonatum latifolium , Lilium martagon , the youthful Cyclamen hederifolium, etc. From the representatives of the animal world there are the following kinds: fox, rabbit, badger, hind, angry sow, dull hamsters, several types of the snakes, the rarely exalted stag. The reservation is included in the borders of the Natural park-“ Shumen plateau”. The Natural park-“ Shumen plateau” occupies overall area from 392 99-decares in the lands of Shumen town, Divdyadovo quarter, Lozevo village from Shumen municipality and the villages Kochovo, Osmar, Troitsa and Han Krum from Veliki Preslav municipality. The park is announced with goal-conservancy in worthwhile vegetable and animal communities, as the great variety and the beauties of the places, proper for a rest and tourism as well. The karst relief predestining the specific particularities, is presented by the surface forms (eddies, hollows, karst valleys) and underground forms,( the known caves are 34, among them are the water caves “Zandana” with a length 2200 m and “Taynite ponori”, the deepest cave in the northeast Bulgaria with a dept 101 m. and a length 1716 m. There are ascertained on the territory of Shumen plateau 9 protected, one endangered plant species and 8 rare types of the plants, included in the r ed book-of the Republic of-Bulgaria. 28 types of the mammals, 61 types of the birds, 14 types of the sycophants and 6 types salientian are the representatives of the superior fauna. The members of the cave fauna are 10 kinds of vampire bats. Protected place “Mogilata”. It is a land height situated in the land of Konyovets village, Shumen municipality. It included an area of 475 decares and it is announced for preserving the miscellaneous steppe of vegetation, different for each ray (story) of burial mound, as for preserved pheasant's eye, healing plant, under the limited regime of use. The vegetation is highly rich, as the overall number is nearly 200 types of herbal and shrubby types, including steppe vegetation. “Dabovete” /the oaks/ preserved place. The oaks. They are proclaimed as protected a group from century-old trees from the type of summer oak. There have been kept 47 pcs. with the approximate age of 100 to 200 years. The protected area holds an area of 5 decares in the land of Iliya Blaskovo village.


    “Marashka koriya” preserved place. It is situated the grove with an area of 230 decares with huge century-old oak trees (from summer oak), aged about 250-350 years. On the territories of the other municipalities there have not being - identified significant natural tourist's resources.



    The cultural-historical heritage in Shumen region



    Veliki Preslav Municipality. Among the anthropogenic resources on the territory of the municipality is the National Historical Archeological Reservation with a Museum “Veliki Preslav”, which is one of the hundred national tourist objects. It is the most significant object on the territory of the municipality and its combination with others may lead to creation of quality tourist product, which may be used of full value. Very interested in the point of view the cultural-cognitive and historical tourism are Kartalov's house in the town of Veliki Preslav, Svestarov's house in Osmar church, the both churches in the town of Veliki Preslav - „St. Peter and Pavel ” and „St. Archangel Michael”, the church “St. Kyril and Methodius” on the territory of the National archeological reservation, the rocky monasteries over the villages Osmar and Troitsa (there have been preserved the monks cells and the kirks, carved out in the rock where people lived during the period ÕII-ÕIV centuries.). Of course, very attractive from the tourist's point of view, are the rich cultural calendar, the traditional customs and the citizenry festivals, characterized this place, which may be combined with the above mentioned natural and anthropogenetic resources. Very perspective for the municipality is the “vine – degustation” tourism that by the tradition progresses successfully in the west countries. The prerequisite for that is the availability of the both wine cellars in the town of Veliki Preslav (there is situated a specialized enterprise for production of choice white wines and winy Brandy), as well in Osmar village (where are produced wines and another alcoholic beverages – Osmar's Pelin /Wormwood wine/.

    Kaspichan municipality. On the territory of the municipality is situated one of the hundred national objects in Bulgaria – “Pliska” National historical-archeological reservation. Town of Pliska (Aboba – the old name) is the first capital of the Bulgarian state, established by Khan Asparuh. The town is the capital city of the country from 681 till 893. There have been conducted archeological surveys in Pliska for more than 100 years, which surveys have discovered the ruins of the “outer” and “internal” town, Throne-room, the Small palace, the pagan temple, the palatian church, the water storage, baths, agricultural and residential houses. About 1,5 km from the temple, called “East gate” are discovered the grounds of the magnificent cathedral temple. The revealed remains are preserved and they represent a museum in the open. The findings from the reservation, showed in the museum expedition, represent the lifestyle, the material and the religious culture of the inhabitants of the old capital. The historical-archeological reservation is situated at 28 km northeast from the town of Shumen and at 2 km. from the contemporary town of Pliska . There is still a lack of meanses of support and developing the architectural memorials in the old capital town of Pliska .



    Varbitsa Municipality. From a point of view the cultural tourism on the territory of the municipality it is very interested the object, which is situated in the place “Gaydar Kamak”, where are located the ruins of the fortress walls of the antiquated mediaeval castle-“Urvision”, the successor in the roman castle “Fabritsius”, the mediaeval castle “Belgrad” or the mediaeval fortress “Momingrad”. There are existing good opportunities for the development of the historic tourism. As examples can be presented the critical battle, which had happened in Varbitsa passage between the byzantine militaries, led by emperor Nikiphor and bulgarian Ruler-Khan Krum, as the place “Varbishko gradiste”, where has been the capital of the slavonic tribe-“severi” - Tsika (Chika) . Very interested from a viewpoint of the tourism are the Wooden seraglio of family Gerai (1835), the ancient house of Hadji Valchin (1868), the house of Grudevs' brothers, the ruins from Geril-town.



    Shumen Municipality. National historical-archeological reservation “Madara”. The richness of the discovered archaeological memorials, dated of IV millennium Before Christ Iv to XV century give reason to the explorers to call Madara "Bulgarian Troy". The most significant memorial in the reservation is the unique rocky relief Madara horseman. It is the only In Europe and it is a sample of the Old-Bulgarian art and symbolizes the might and the magnificence of the Bulgarian state. Madara horseman is declared by Unesco for a memorial with worldwide meaning. During the 14th century, in the rocks of the plateau, the biggest Bulgarian rock monastery was created with over 150 chambers. The sources for preservation the “Madara horseman” and the adjacent cultural-historical and natural environment are insufficient. The lack of museum in Madara village makes a real danger from wasting and losing of that invaluable cultural historic inheritance. It must be urgently taken measures for the conservation of “Madara” horseman and take the decision for its preservation as the world value. The building of culturally- information center in Madara village must be one of the priorities of the municipality.

Historical - archaeological preserve "Shoumen Fortress". Rising three kilometers west of the city of Shoumen is the Shoumen Fortress which has existed more than 3200 years. The place has been settled in the early Thracians, Romans, Byzantines. During early and late middle ages the Shoumen Fortress was Bulgarian maintained and played an important role in the history. It has existed in the initial period of the Ottoman domination. The Fortress is one of the most explored archaeological sites in the country. The fortress and the cultural architecture, homes and thousands of movable monuments bear record of the diverse functions during the different periods, predominantly during the time of the second Bulgarian kingdom. Today Shoumen fortress is exhibited as an open-air museum.

In immediate nearness to Shumen municipality are situated the National Historical-archeological reservation “Pliska” and National Historical-archeological reservation “Veliki Preslav” even though the Municipal borders, they are an integral part of the cultural-historical heritage of Shumen town. Very interested from the point of view the cultural-cognitive tourism are: Tombul mosque (cultural architectural ensemble built during 1744. The mosque is the second largest on the Bulkan Peninsula . An operative Muslim temple). The Church “St. Three Saints” built in 1857, at the place of old chapel, with the donations of Shumen craftsmen (there have been kept the old gate with inscription over the entry, the king's doors and the ancient icons). The Church “Saint Ascension of the Christ”, built in 1839. The mural paintings date from 933. Preserved valuable books, gold fabric shroud with pearls from 1776, as well as the icon "Saint Cyril and Saint Methodius". The Armenian Church "Saint Asvizazin" /Holy Virgin/ with the built in the wall inscription; which informs about the date of the building – 1834. made by refugees-Armenians (in 2001 is repaired and renovated with a new bell-tower); the Monastery “St. Apostles Peter and Pavel” (in Ivanski village).

Another significant objects on the territory of the municipality are: Complex “Founders of the Bulgarian State ”, built in honour of 1300-anniversary of establishment of the Bulgarian State (with the sources of the arcitecture and the sculpture in created the history of the first Bulgarian kingdom from Asparuh to Simeon. It is situated at 450 m. above sea level and is seen in from a 30 km radius; the Bulgarian National Revival School in Divdyadovo quarter (the monastery school is among the minority totally preserved new-Bulgarian school in Bulgaria; it is situated in the church's yard and it is built together with the church in 1846). Stud breeding farm "Kabiuk" ( village Koniovec, the oldest stud-breeding farm in Bulgaria , opened in 1864. . On its area are situated the only in Bulgaria " Museum of Horses ", the casted residence of Prince Aleksander Batenberg – the "Museum of the Compound" and exposition of icons. For numerous bulgarian and foreign tourists organized attractions with horses and ponnies, tour of the grounds with hansom and riding of the race course. Very significant architectural memorials are: Bezistena /the oldest building in the town of Shumen); the People's Cultural Center “Dobri Voynikov” /the building of the center, found in 1856, is built in 1898 under the project of the French architect I.M.Mercie. The clock tower (town's clock with landmake article clock mechanism, built in 1870 for the needs of the first girl's school in Bulgarian by the donor Andrey Rankov. Very interest are brothers Kutsarov's house, D.Srebrov's house, Hr.Ganushev's house, Ov.Ovsheryan's house, d-r Verbi's house, etc.; Kurshun fountain tap, built in 1774 by limestone hewn stone /the front façade is richly ornamented; primary it has been covered by lead plates, from where came the name (Arabian word “Kurshun” means lead).

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